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- Elvene - The Kiri Myth of Ocean Woman
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- 1855 - Taylor, Richard. Te Ika a Maui - CHAPTER II: MYTHOLOGY
- Elvene: The Kiri Myth of Ocean Woman by P.P. Mealing
The first period may be styled the epoch of thought-- "From the conception the increase, From the increase the thought, From the thought the remembrance, From the remembrance the consciousness, From the consciousness the desire. The second period is that of night-- "The word became fruitful; It dwelt with the feeble glimmering; It brought forth night: The great night, the long night, The lowest night, the loftiest night, The thick night, to be felt, The night to be touched, The night not to be seen, The night of death. This we are told is all we have to do with night; during these periods there was no light--there were no eyes to the world.
The third period is that of light-- "From the nothing the begetting, From the nothing the increase, From the nothing the abundance, The power of increasing, The living breath; It dwelt with the empty space, and produced the atmosphere which is above us,. The atmosphere which floats above the earth; The great firmament above us, dwelt with the early dawn, And the moon sprung forth; The atmosphere above us, dwelt with the heat, And thence proceeded the sun; They were thrown up above, as the chief eyes of Heaven: Then the Heavens became light, The early dawn, the early day, The mid-day.
The blaze of day from the sky. The fourth period-- "The sky above dwelt with Hawaiki, and produced land. These are the names of lands or islands, supposed to have been first created; Hawaiki is the island they originally came from, which is regarded as the cradle of their race. The sixth period, when men were produced. Tatiti, Ruatapu, Toe, Rauru-tama-rakei-ora. There were two grand orders of gods: the first and most ancient were the gods of the night, as night preceded light, and then followed the gods of the light. Of the former the. Of the latter, Rangi and Papa, or Heaven and Earth, were the parents.
The general idea of Heaven was that it was a solid and opaque body, spread out upon the earth, which was flat as a board. Papa the earth bears this signification. Oti atu koutou ki te Po--e. Ko te rangi e tere tere ana I runga o te whenua Ka noho te rangi nui e tu nei Ka noho i a ata tuhi, ka puta Ki waho te marama, ka noho. Te rangi i tu nei, ka noho i a Te Werowero, ka puta ki waho Ko te ra, kokiritia ana Ki runga, hei pukanohi Mo te rangi, ka tau te Rangi, Te ata tuhi, te Ata rapa, te ata ka Mahina, ka mahina Te ata i hikurangi.
There were either ten or eleven Heavens; 3 the lowest was separated from the earth, by a solid transparent substance like ice or crystal, 4 and it was along the under side, or that next to the earth, that the sun and moon were supposed to glide.
Above this pavement was the grand reservoir of the rain, and beyond that was the abode of the winds. Each Heaven was distinct, the lowest being the abode of rain; the next of spirits; the third of the winds; the fourth of light, the highest of all, being the most glorious, and therefore the chief habitation of the gods. The earth's skin, or covering, was the tutu; Her covering was the wehe-wehe; Her covering was the bramble; Her covering was the nettle. Don't grieve that the earth is covered with water; Don't lament for the length of time.
The ocean's reign shall be broken; The ocean's surface shall be rough, with the lands springing up in it With mountains standing forth, Girdling round the sea. Yes, round the sea. Broken up shall you be 0 earth.
Do not grieve, Yes you, even you, Lest you should grieve through love; Lest you should grieve for your water covered surface; Lest you should lament for the time. The offspring of Rangi and Papa, were first the Kumara, which came from the face of Heaven, being a plant which requires heat. Next came the fern-root, which sprung from the back of Rangi, intimating its hardy nature, being found on the cold hills, and needing no sun to make it grow.
The first living being they produced was Tane, from whom proceeded trees and birds; what he was they do not seem clearly to know, a god, a man, or a tree; he is also called Tane Mahuta,. The second was Tiki, from whom man proceeded; his wife's name was Marikoriko, or Twilight. The first woman was not born, but formed out of the earth by the Arohi-rohi, or quivering heat of the sun and the echo.
The daughter of Tiki and Marikoriko was called Kauatata. Their fourth was Tahu, the author of all good. Tahu is the name for husband, and may have a figurative reference to marriage. The fifth was Tawirimatea, the father of the winds; and the last was Tangaroa, the father of all fish, and the great god of the ocean. This god in Tonga, is regarded as the creator of all things; he is there called Tangaloa; and in Tahaiti, where he is known as Taaroa, he is viewed in the same light.
This is also the case in Hawaii, 6 or the Sandwich isles. Orongo, another of the most ancient deities at Hawaii, was worshipped by the name of Orono; and Captain Cook, on his arrival there, was taken for that god, and he permitted the islanders to reverence him as such, and even to offer up sacrifices to him, which eventually caused his death. Tane and Tiki 7 were also known in Tahaiti, the latter by the name of Tii, so likewise was Ru, 8 and Hine nui te po, or Great Mother Night, the womb of nature. The same idea prevailed there of the malignant character of the Atua Potiki, or infant gods, who were called Hotua Pou; and supposed to delight in mischief.
The offspring of Papa and Rangi are next represented as holding a council, to decide what was to be done with their parents, that the earth might be rendered fruitful; for, as the tradition states, for a long long period "from the first night to the tenth night, to the hundredth night, to the thousandth night, all was dark, the thick opaque heaven laid on the earth, and rendered her barren. In vain did she seek for offspring in the likeness of the night, or of the day. Then they considered what must be done for Rangi and Papa. Shall we slay them, or shall we separate them?
Tumata-uenga this. Tane Mahuta replied no, by no means, rather let us separate them; let one be placed above and let the other remain below; let the one be like a stranger far removed from us; let the other be near as a father or mother to us. All agreed to this counsel; one only was strongly opposed to their separation; five decided that they should be parted; one only loved them. These are the words: Their seeking thought also for their mother, That man might arise.
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Behold this is the word, The largeness, the length, The height of their thought, To kill their mother, That man might live: This was their counsel. The first then laid hold of her, but did not succeed; the second laid hold, but with no more success; the third did the same; the fourth, the fifth, and he alone was able. Alas for Rangi and Papa; alas for the power of Tane Mahuta 9 for him was reserved the propping up: down went his head below, up went his heels above.
Up entirely went Rangi; down entirely went Papa. By him were they divided: the night was made distinct; the day also was made distinct. Truly such was the desire of Rangi-nui; but Tawhirimatea knew his rising up. Of the night driving away day, Of the day making all things distinct, Of the day making everything bright, Of the day driving away gloom, Of the advancing day, Of the hot day, Of the day shrowded in darkness. He placed his mouth to that of Tane Mahuta, and the winds shook his branches and uprooted him.
He waged war with Tangaroa, and caused great waves on his surface. But Tane completed his work by taking his lofty trees and propping up the heaven.
Elvene - The Kiri Myth of Ocean Woman
The elevating and supporting of the heaven was Tane's first and great work; 12 his next was the production of his. Tane had six names, each being emblematical of his power. This is the case with all those who have distinguished themselves in the New Zealand mythology. Thus we have. Tane Tuturi--the bending; from doing so in upheaving the sky. Tane Pepeki--the bowing; when his feet were against the sky.
Tane Uetika--straight as a tree. Tane Ueka--strong as a tree. Tane te Waiora--the person who opened the fountain of living water. Tane nui a Rangi--the great Tane who propped up the heavens. In addition to these he is called Tane Mahuta. The last great work which is attributed to him is the opening of the fountain of living water, to perpetuate the existence of the sun and moon; the latter, when it wanes, is thought to go to it, and bathing therein to receive a renewed existence: hence the saying--"Man dies and is no more seen; but the moon dies, and, plunging into the living water, springs forth again into life.
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Tane is also the father of the birds which fly by night as well as those which fly by day; 13 hence the saying-- "Ko te. Of Tiki little is preserved: his great work was that of making man, which he is said to have done after his own image. One account states, that he took red clay and kneaded it with his own blood, and so formed the eyes and limbs, and then gave the image breath. Another, that man was formed of clay, and the red ochreous water of swamps, and that Tiki bestowed both his own form and name upon him, calling him Tiki-ahua, or Tiki's likeness.
The most prized ornament is an uncouth image of a man, formed of green stone, and worn round the neck as an " Heitiki" image, or remembrance of Tiki. And the top knot of a Chief's head, the most sacred part of the person, is called "He Tiki.
1855 - Taylor, Richard. Te Ika a Maui - CHAPTER II: MYTHOLOGY
The next person who appears on the stage is Maui: he may be called the grand hero of the New Zealand mythology,. A person called Tara-hunga is said to be the father of the Maui family, which is all that is known of him.
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Elvene: The Kiri Myth of Ocean Woman by P.P. Mealing
Classic Legacy Collection V The product was delivered in a very good condition. George kesor Tudu Certified Buyer 10 months ago. Ancient and Medieval India. Well Organised Near Perfect I am so satisfied with it. Surajit Sadhukhan Certified Buyer Jul, Amezing book for upsc and state pcs also No need to make notes outof it allready highlighted the imp info A must reed book.. And white sea beasts with spiral horns sharper than spears.
And jeweled birds that could hover in place and suck the sweet from flowers. But her favorite once-were creatures were the blue waterlords who were longer than six skiffs in a row.
Da told her stories of how they made waves with their fins and sang songs in trilling, mournful voices that lasted for days. Songs, he claimed, that were too complex for human ears to hear. When she was younger, Kiri actually believed such wondrous creatures had existed. And most of the faded drawings he showed her were of creatures that seemed too big or strange to be real.
As she got older, Kiri asked others in the village about the once-were creatures. Other water giants, and flying jewels, and long-necked spotted horses on stilts? The creature raised its mighty head to shake him off, but it could barely move its bulk on land.